Aug 26 2015 3:30pm

You Belong to Me: Lovers as Property in the Medieval Romance of Madeline Hunter

When authors began leaving the Medieval romance for other  genres, one of the saddest losses was Madeline Hunter. (Though that loss was certainly to the Regency/Victorian novel's gain.) I don't know precisely why the Medieval fell into disfavor, but I suspect it may have to do with readers becoming uncomfortable with the extreme power imbalances between class and sex that are inherent in the setting. And that's exactly why I miss Hunter in the subgenre.

Hunter never went full-on bodice ripper as, for example, Brenda Joyce did in The Conqueror. (A very entertaining book, if you're not sensitive to the disturbing elements.) Nor did she try to write as if power imbalances didn't really matter. Instead she used the tension caused by those imbalances to create stories that aren't only satisfying romance, but thematically fascinating. Two of my favorites explore the effect on love when one person is literally the property of another.

In By Possession, Moira is the illegitimate child of a lord and a serf; her father granted her freedom before his death, but she's unable to prove it. She's now the legal possession of Lord Addis de Valance, and to make things more complicated, she's loved him most of her life. But Moira has no intention of following in her mother's lonely, shameful footsteps, no matter how strong the temptation.

“Can you say that these hands misuse you, Moira, and that you are not willing?”

She sorrowfully extricated herself from his hold and stepped back. She hitched the blanket back on her shoulders and grasped it closed. “I am weak to the pleasure, but what you offer me will someday bring misery and I will not endure it. I swore when just a girl that I would not be any man's whore, least of all one to a knight or a lord.”

Gold fires flamed. Dangerous fires, that spoke of more than thwarted desire.

“You say that often, and insult me with it. 'Tis you who misunderstand, and think the worst of me without cause. Those garments are not meant as a bribe to buy a bedmate for a few nights. I do not seek to make a whore of you.”

She had suspected as much when she saw him at the doorway. Better if he did only want her for brief pleasure. “What you call it will not matter. All others know such women for what they are.”

The story is of two intense personal journeys, as Moira fights constantly against her own feelings in order to gain the secure, respectable life she wants, and Addis tries to convince her that she belongs to him in every way, while also trying to suppress the emotional hold she has over him. As a man born to ultimate privilege, it's almost impossible for him to appreciate her point of view—until she is ordered to sing to entertain his betrothed, and he begins to see how much her love for him is destroying her.

Tell him that I cannot do it.

Nay, she could not, any more than he could. If someone said that he must watch her daily with another man, he could not do it. Not even if she needed him nearby. Not even in friendship and definitely not in love. Perhaps even while he demanded that she admit the love they shared, he had been counting on her never accepting it. He could ignore the hurt he planned to give her if she kept denying it.

Admitting that left him raw.

Moira fights for her freedom and wins, but Addis's redemptive realization allows for a true happy ending between them, one based on free choices.

By Arrangement by Madeline Hunter

The class aspects are turned around in By Arrangement: Lady Christiana is of noble birth, while David de Abyndon is a wealthy merchant. Neither has any choice when the king orders them to marry,  however... and once David's wife, Christiana is completely in his power.

David is an intriguingly problematic hero. Unlike the typical Alpha, he's gentle and considerate, but he controls people by being extremely manipulative. The young and naive Christiana doesn't have much chance against his ploys initially, and he not only frequently deceives her, but plays her like a violin. However, their class differences give Christiana some weapons of her own. In a powerful and disturbing scene, the usually imperturbable and subtle David gets nasty, believing his wife unfaithful with a lord:

“I feared that you might repulse me, knowing where you had been and what you had been doing the first time I left the city,” he said as his hands moved over her body. He smiled faintly, but she could tell that his anger hadn't abated at all. “It would be ironic, wouldn't it? To have paid all that silver for property and then found that I no longer wanted the use of it.”
Her mind clouded with horror at hearing him speak so coldly of their marriage. There had certainly been evidence that he thought of her thus and had even seduced her to lay claim to what was his, but to hear the words bluntly spoken and to have the confirmation thrown into the face of her love sickened her.

“Property...” she gasped.

“Aye. Bought and paid for.”

His blunt words repeated themselves in her head. She grabbed his wrist and stayed his hand. Love or not, she could not delude herself about what was about to happen and why he did it and what it meant to him.

“So, we are down to base reality at last,” she said narrowing her eyes. “How tedious it must have been to have to pretend otherwise with the child whom you married.”

He stared at her. His lack of response and denial turned her anguish to hateful spite. 'The merchant has need of his property, much as he rides his horse when it suits him? Well, go ahead, husband. Reclaim your rights. Show that you are equal to any baron by using one of their daughters against her will. Will you hurt me, too? To make sure the lesson of your ownership is well learned?“

Still he did not react. Her heart broke with a suffocating pain and she threw out what she could to hurt him, in turn. ”Do not bother with seduction and pleasure, mercer. Soil feels nothing when it is tilled, nor wool when it is cut. I will think about who I am and who you are and feeling nothing, too. But be quick about it so that I can go cleanse myself.“ And then she looked at him and through him...

Both David and Christiana know how to “point the daggers expertly and draw blood from each other's weaknesses.“ The assault doesn't end in rape, but it's a close call. But though the horrified and ashamed David redeems himself somewhat by giving her space and freedom in which to recover, Christiana doesn't find it easy to forgive or forget his emotional violence against her:

”Even now, as you ask me to come back to you, I know that you just find that you have need of your property and resent being denied it. It may be the way these things always are, but I do not think many women have to hear it as frankly stated and then live with the truth in such a naked way. Perhaps that is the reason for dowries. To give women some value in marriages so that their dignity is preserved.“

By Design by Madeline Hunter

This was Hunter's debut, and it doesn't have quite the structural perfection of By Possession. In the end, they find a balance and equality between them, helped by Christiana's insight and her ability to see and bring out the best in David.

”I think you should choose the life that you were born to live, whichever you think it was.“

To the heart of things. Life with her would be fascinating.

”And what about you, Christiana? What about the life that you were born to live?“

She smiled and rested her face against his chest. ”I was born to marry a nobleman, David. And you have always been one of the noblest men I have ever known.”

Hunter wrote six Medievals in all, plus a novella in the anthology Tapestry.  (The novels are linked; they can certainly be read as stand alones, but it makes the most sense to read them as two trilogies in this order: By Possession, By Design, Stealing Heaven and By Arrangement, The Protector, Lord of a Thousand Nights.) Although the stories are all quite different, the books share high stakes plots based on true historical events, vivid and immersive settings, wit, meaningful conflicts, and strong characters who are realistically constrained by their roles in life, yet who always find ways to fight for their independence. They give readers a chance to enjoy a rich Medieval setting, while still finding the emotional justice and requited love they want from romance. I wish we had more.


Learn more about the books mentioned in this post: 

The Conqueror by Brenda Joyce  
By Possession by Madeline Hunter  
By Arrangement by Madeline Hunter  
By Design by Madeline Hunter  
Stealing Heaven by Madeline Hunter  
The Protector by Madeline Hunter  
Lord of a Thousand Nights by Madeline Hunter  









Willaful has been diligently reading and reviewing romance for the past seven years, but for some reason just can't seem to catch up. She blogs at A Willful Woman and Karen Knows Best.


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Jennifer Proffitt
1. JenniferProffitt
I miss medievals but have never read these books--makes me want to go track them down!
Also, the title has this Taylor Swift song stuck in my head as a complete nonsequitur
Janet Webb
2. JanetW
I have all of these medievals and how I wish Madeline Hunter was still writing in this era. To me they're her very best work. And I'm thrilled to see you write about this wonderful series.
Kelsey C.
3. Kelsey C.
Madeline Hunter's medieval books along with Lynn Kurland's books were some of my first romance novel reads.
4. willaful
Lynn Kurland was one of my first when I started reading romance again as an adult -- This is All I Ask. But I never was much of a Medieval reader. It was just tremendously good luck I happened across Lord of a Thousand Nights.
Kelsey C.
5. Kelsey C.
I love Christopher and Gillian's story. All of my books when I started reading romance were medieval...I agree I think the genre should make a come back.
Darlene Marshall
7. DarleneMarshall
Thanks for the reminder of how good these books were, and how much I enjoyed Medievals back in their day.
8. lauralee1912
I read a lot of Medievals back in the day and miss them, too. Stealing Heaven was my favorite by Madeline Hunter from the Medievals. I have to admit I put her recent His Wicked Reputation in the Keepers file on my Kindle.

I enjoyed your post, Willaful. I think I'll be adding to my to be re-read list....
9. willaful
Stealing Heaven is actually the only book by Hunter I haven't read! But I'm planning on it for this month's tbr challenge.
Kelsey C.
10. Sonya Heaney
This is exactly why Hunter's Georgian and Regency romances are so good. She's one of the few historical romance authors who use the power imbalance instead of pretending it doesn't exist!
Terri Brisbin
11. terribrisbin
Lord of a Thousand Nights and Stealing Heaven are my two all-time favorite Madeline Hunter books.... I love her medievals....
Kelsey C.
12. Anna R
Yes, but do these heroes grovel after committing these terrible betrayals and causing the heroine such emotional pain? I haven't read these books, but from what I've heard of them, they do not. That is why I avoid these books and others like them. Authors, please if you are going to have the hero do and say such hurtful things, betraying the heroine's trust, ignoring her feelings, and committing emotional violence against her, he has GOT to grovel. And not just a short half-hearted apology, but a long, arduous, extended months or years long grovel showing the change in his character in both words and actions proportionate to the harm done. And the heroine needs stand back and let him grovel, maybe even turn the screws a bit when appropriate, not rush to forgive right away. Forgiveness and redemption has to be earned for the heroine, and by extension us readers to believe in and be secure in the relationship and HEA.
13. willaful
For me, a grovel isn't as important as a sense of equity between the lovers. Certainly a grovel can be one of the ways to help achieve that, but not the only one or even the most necessary one. In both books, the heroes recognize the wrong they've done the heroine and offer a remedy, and they move forward together as equals. (Inasmuch as they can be, under the circumstances.) That's really the whole point of the books.
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